Recent Publications - LA/ER Injectable Therapy

Multimodal imaging approach to examine biodistribution kinetics of Cabotegravir (GSK1265744) long acting parenteral formulation in rat

Date: 
12/28/17
Citation: 

Jucker BM, Alsaid H, Rambo M, et al. Multimodal imaging approach to examine biodistribution kinetics of Cabotegravir (GSK1265744) long acting parenteral formulation in rat. J Control Release. 2017;268:102-112. doi:10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.10.017. PMID: 29042321.

Long-Acting Parenterals (LAPs) have been used in the clinic to provide sustained therapeutic drug levels at a target site, and thereby reducing the frequency of dosing required. In an effort to understand the factors associated with long-acting cabotegravir (GSK1265744 LAP) pharmacokinetic variability, the current study was designed to investigate the temporal relationship between intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) drug depot morphology and distribution kinetics with plasma pharmacokinetics.

Long-acting intramuscular cabotegravir and rilpivirine in adults with HIV-1 infection (LATTE-2): 96-week results of a randomised, open-label, phase 2b, non-inferiority trial

Date: 
9/23/17
Citation: 

Margolis DA, Gonzalez-Garcia J, Stellbrink HJ, et al. Long-acting intramuscular cabotegravir and rilpivirine in adults with HIV-1 infection (LATTE-2): 96-week results of a randomised, open-label, phase 2b, non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2017;390(10101):1499-1510. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31917-7. PMID: 28750935.

The two-drug combination of all-injectable, long-acting cabotegravir plus rilpivirine every 4 weeks or every 8 weeks was as effective as daily three-drug oral therapy at maintaining HIV-1 viral suppression through 96 weeks and was well accepted and tolerated.

In Silico Dose Prediction for Long-Acting Rilpivirine and Cabotegravir Administration to Children and Adolescents

Date: 
5/24/17
Citation: 

Rajoli RKR, Back DJ, Rannard S, et al. In Silico Dose Prediction for Long-Acting Rilpivirine and Cabotegravir Administration to Children and Adolescents. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2018;57(2):255-266. doi:10.1007/s40262-017-0557-x. PMID: 28540638; PMCID: PMC5701864.

Long-acting injectable antiretrovirals represent a pharmacological alternative to oral formulations and an innovative clinical option to address adherence and reduce drug costs. Clinical studies in children and adolescents are characterised by ethical and logistic barriers complicating the identification of dose optimisation.

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Challenges for Long Acting Injectable Therapies: Insights for applications in HIV therapy

Date: 
8/1/16
Citation: 

Owen A, Rannard S. Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges for long acting injectable therapies: Insights for applications in HIV therapy. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2016;103:144-156. doi:10.1016/j.addr.2016.02.003. PMID: 26916628; PMCID: PMC4935562.

Many terms have been utilised to describe the LA approach and standardisation would be beneficial.  Ultimately, definitions will depend upon specific indications and routes of delivery.  This review focuses upon the critical importance of potency in achieving the LA outcome for injectable formulations and explores established and emerging technologies that have been employed across indications.

A long-acting formulation of the integrase inhibitor raltegravir protects humanized BLT mice from repeated high-dose vaginal HIV challenges

Date: 
3/21/16
Citation: 

Kovarova M, Swanson MD, Sanchez RI, et al. A long-acting formulation of the integrase inhibitor raltegravir protects humanized BLT mice from repeated high-dose vaginal HIV challenges. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Jun;71(6):1586-96. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkw042. Epub 2016 Mar 21. PMID: 27002074; PMCID: PMC4867102.

Objectives:
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) using antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) has been shown to reduce HIV transmission in people at high risk of HIV infection. Adherence to PrEP strongly correlates with the level of HIV protection. Long-acting injectable ARVs provide sustained systemic drug exposures over many weeks and can improve adherence due to infrequent parenteral administration. Here, we evaluated a new long-acting formulation of raltegravir for prevention of vaginal HIV transmission.

Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modelling to Inform Development of Intramuscular Long-Acting Nanoformulations for HIV

Citation: 

Rajoli RK, Back DJ, Rannard S, et al. Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modelling to Inform Development of Intramuscular Long-Acting Nanoformulations for HIV. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2015;54(6):639-650. doi:10.1007/s40262-014-0227-1. PMID: 25523214; PMCID: PMC4450126.

These data may help inform the target product profiles for LA antiretroviral reformulation strategies.

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