HIV

Long-Acting Injectable Human Immunodeficiency Virus Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Preferred Over Other Modalities Among People Who Inject Drugs: Findings from a Qualitative Study in California

Date: 
8/12/22
Citation: 

Bazzi AR, Valasek CJ, Streuli SA, Vera CF, Harvey-Vera A, Philbin MM, Biello KB, Roth AM, Strathdee SA, Pines HA. Long-Acting Injectable Human Immunodeficiency Virus Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Preferred Over Other Modalities Among People Who Inject Drugs: Findings from a Qualitative Study in California. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2022 Jul;36(7):254-262. doi: 10.1089/apc.2022.0068. Epub 2022 Jun 21. PMID: 35727647.

People who inject drugs (PWID) have extraordinarily low uptake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) despite high levels of need. Long-acting PrEP modalities hold promise for HIV prevention among PWID, but product preferences remain poorly understood.

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Key population perceptions and opinions about long-acting antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment: a scoping review

Date: 
4/18/22
Citation: 

Sued O, Nardi N, Spadaccini L. Key population perceptions and opinions about long-acting antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment: a scoping review. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2022 Apr 18. doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000734. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35438662.

The objective of the current review is to update the perceptions of key populations and PLWH about LA, based on their opinion, acceptability, and willingness to use it.

Resources Access for Preclinical Integrated Drug Development (RAPIDD) Program (X01 Clinical Trial Not Allowed)

Grant Source: 

The purpose of this FOA is to provide investigators working on the development of novel therapeutic products for HIV and HIV-associated co-infections (hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis) with a mechanism to request NIAID DAIDS preclinical services to fill gaps in their product development efforts and facilitate the advancement of promising therapeutics from bench to clinics.

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Factors associated with interest in a long-acting HIV regimen: perspectives of people living with HIV and healthcare providers in four European countries

Date: 
6/16/22
Citation: 

Akinwunmi B, Buchenberger D, Scherzer J, Bode M, Rizzini P, Vecchio F, Roustand L, Nachbaur G, Finkielsztejn L, Chounta V, Van de Velde N. Factors associated with interest in a long-acting HIV regimen: perspectives of people living with HIV and healthcare providers in four European countries. Sex Transm Infect. 2021 Dec;97(8):566-573. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2020-054648. Epub 2021 Feb 25. PMID: 33632889.

A novel long-acting regimen (LAR) of cabotegravir and rilpivirine for HIV treatment requires dosing every 2 months instead of daily. We assessed what proportion of people living with HIV and physicians would be interested in trying and offering LAR respectively and why.

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Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Sustained Release of Antivirals for Treatment or Prevention of HIV or Treatment of Latent TB/HBV (SRATP)

Grant Source: 

Clinical experience for HIV treatment and prevention has demonstrated that adherence to a drug regimen schedule is a significant factor in the success of the HIV treatment regime and/or prevention strategies. Effective treatment of HIV-infected individuals requires strict adherence to a multi-component regimen of antiretroviral agents taken at least daily for the remainder of a patient’s life. Non-adherence can lead to emergence of drug-resistance and loss of therapeutic effectiveness. Among people living with HIV, morbidity and mortality is increasingly driven by co-infections, such as tuberculosis (TB) and hepatitis B, where the compliance and completion of prolonged multidrug regimens are significant factors in treatment success.

Effective prevention requires that the inhibitor be present at the right time, place, and concentration to stop HIV transmission and acquisition. Although many factors (social, behavioral, and individual preference) can influence adherence, the use of drug delivery systems to provide for a longer therapeutic exposure or window of protection and/or less frequent administration may improve their consistent use, reduce dosing intervals, and potentially improve adherence to the drug regimens.

Development of safe, effective, and well-tolerated sustained release (SR)/long acting (LA) products and strategies that maintain consistent and effective drug levels in plasma and target tissues for longer periods of time is critical for successful treatment and prevention of HIV and HIV-associated co-infections.

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Increasing Uptake of Long-Acting Injectable Antiretrovirals Among People with HIV

Grant Source: 

This notice announces the opportunity to apply for funding under the Increasing Uptake of Long-Acting Injectable Antiretrovirals Among People with HIV cooperative agreement Increasing viral suppression and client retention in care are critical components of meeting the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy (2022-2025) and ending the HIV epidemic. In order to reach these goals, it is imperative for HIV care communities to address health care inequities. With the advent of FDA-approved long-acting injectable (LAI) antiretroviral (ARV) medication formulations, initiatives that promote, facilitate, and evaluate the uptake and ongoing utilization of LAI ARV medication may improve clinical outcomes for people with HIV, especially for minority populations who continue to face disparate health care inequities and stigma. This project is designed to develop protocols, implement them and modify as needed, to increase uptake of LAI ARV medications among people of color with HIV, since LAI ARV medications may offer benefits in addressing health inequities and achieving viral suppression.

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Unitaid to introduce new long-lasting injection to prevent HIV in Brazil and South Africa, as high-income countries begin deployment

Date: 
3/18/22

People at risk of HIV in Brazil and South Africa will be among the first to benefit from a highly effective, long-acting injectable HIV preventive treatment through two large-scale operational projects funded by global health agency Unitaid.  

Long-acting cabotegravir is a new HIV prevention method that provides eight weeks of continuous protection against HIV infection through a single intramuscular injection.  

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Tenofovir Alafenamide for HIV Prevention: Review of the Proceedings from the Gates Foundation Long-Acting TAF Product Development Meeting

Date: 
11/1/21
Citation: 

Romano JW, Baum MM, Demkovich ZR, Diana F, Dobard C, Feldman PL, Garcia-Lerma JG, Grattoni A, Gunawardana M, Ho DK, Hope TJ, Massud I, Milad M, Moss JA, Pons-Faudoa FP, Roller S, van der Straten A, Srinivasan S, Veazey RS, Zane D. Tenofovir Alafenamide for HIV Prevention: Review of the Proceedings from the Gates Foundation Long-Acting TAF Product Development Meeting. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2021 Jun;37(6):409-420. doi: 10.1089/AID.2021.0028. PMID: 33913760; PMCID: PMC8213003.

The ability to successfully develop a safe and effective vaccine for the prevention of HIV infection has proven challenging. Consequently, alternative approaches to HIV infection prevention have been pursued, and there have been a number of successes with differing levels of efficacy. At present, only two oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products are available,

The LAIs Are Coming! Implementation Science Considerations for Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States: A Scoping Review

Date: 
10/14/21
Citation: 

Kanazawa JT, Saberi P, Sauceda JA, Dubé K. The LAIs Are Coming! Implementation Science Considerations for Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States: A Scoping Review. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2021 Feb;37(2):75-88. doi: 10.1089/AID.2020.0126. Epub 2020 Dec 7. PMID: 33176429; PMCID: PMC8020525.

Long-acting injectable antiretroviral therapy (LAI-ART) is one of the latest advancements in HIV control with the potential to overcome oral ART barriers to adherence. The objective of this article is to anticipate and examine implementation considerations for LAI-ART using components of the PRISM model, a Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model for integrating research findings into practice.

Efficacy, Safety, and Durability of Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine in Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection: 5-Year Results From the LATTE-2 Study

Date: 
10/4/21
Citation: 

Smith GHR, Henry WK, Podzamczer D, Masiá MDM, Bettacchi CJ, Arasteh K, Jaeger H, Khuong-Josses MA, Montes-Ramírez ML, Stellbrink HJ, Yazdanpanah Y, Richmond GJ, Sutton KC, Zhang F, McCoig CC, St Clair MH, Vandermeulen K, Van Solingen-Ristea R, Smith KY, Margolis DA, Spreen WR. Efficacy, Safety, and Durability of Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine in Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection: 5-Year Results From the LATTE-2 Study. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Aug 25;8(9):ofab439. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofab439. PMID: 34557563; PMCID: PMC8454521.

In the Long-Acting Antiretroviral Treatment Enabling Trial 2 (LATTE-2) phase 2b study, long-acting (LA) injectable cabotegravir + rilpivirine dosed every 8 weeks (Q8W) or every 4 weeks (Q4W) demonstrated comparable efficacy with daily oral antiretroviral therapy (ART) through 96 weeks in ART-naive adults with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Here we report efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cabotegravir + rilpivirine LA over approximately 5 years.

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