Recent Publications

Long-Acting Injectable Human Immunodeficiency Virus Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Preferred Over Other Modalities Among People Who Inject Drugs: Findings from a Qualitative Study in California

Date: 
8/12/22
Citation: 

Bazzi AR, Valasek CJ, Streuli SA, Vera CF, Harvey-Vera A, Philbin MM, Biello KB, Roth AM, Strathdee SA, Pines HA. Long-Acting Injectable Human Immunodeficiency Virus Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Preferred Over Other Modalities Among People Who Inject Drugs: Findings from a Qualitative Study in California. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2022 Jul;36(7):254-262. doi: 10.1089/apc.2022.0068. Epub 2022 Jun 21. PMID: 35727647.

People who inject drugs (PWID) have extraordinarily low uptake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) despite high levels of need. Long-acting PrEP modalities hold promise for HIV prevention among PWID, but product preferences remain poorly understood.

Health Topics: 

A long-acting formulation of rifabutin is effective for prevention and treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Date: 
8/8/22
Citation: 

Kim M, Johnson CE, Schmalstig AA, Annis A, Wessel SE, Van Horn B, Schauer A, Exner AA, Stout JE, Wahl A, Braunstein M, Victor Garcia J, Kovarova M. A long-acting formulation of rifabutin is effective for prevention and treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nat Commun. 2022 Aug 8;13(1):4455. doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-32043-3. PMID: 35941109.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Successful treatment requires strict adherence to drug regimens for prolonged periods of time. Long-acting (LA) delivery systems have the potential to improve adherence.

Health Topics: 

Key population perceptions and opinions about long-acting antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment: a scoping review

Date: 
4/18/22
Citation: 

Sued O, Nardi N, Spadaccini L. Key population perceptions and opinions about long-acting antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment: a scoping review. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2022 Apr 18. doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000734. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35438662.

The objective of the current review is to update the perceptions of key populations and PLWH about LA, based on their opinion, acceptability, and willingness to use it.

Factors associated with interest in a long-acting HIV regimen: perspectives of people living with HIV and healthcare providers in four European countries

Date: 
6/16/22
Citation: 

Akinwunmi B, Buchenberger D, Scherzer J, Bode M, Rizzini P, Vecchio F, Roustand L, Nachbaur G, Finkielsztejn L, Chounta V, Van de Velde N. Factors associated with interest in a long-acting HIV regimen: perspectives of people living with HIV and healthcare providers in four European countries. Sex Transm Infect. 2021 Dec;97(8):566-573. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2020-054648. Epub 2021 Feb 25. PMID: 33632889.

A novel long-acting regimen (LAR) of cabotegravir and rilpivirine for HIV treatment requires dosing every 2 months instead of daily. We assessed what proportion of people living with HIV and physicians would be interested in trying and offering LAR respectively and why.

Health Topics: 

Supramolecular nanomedicines through rational design of self-assembling prodrugs

Date: 
4/19/22
Citation: 

Wang H, Monroe M, Leslie F, Flexner C, Cui H. Supramolecular nanomedicines through rational design of self-assembling prodrugs. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2022 Apr 19:S0165-6147(22)00053-0. doi: 10.1016/j.tips.2022.03.003. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35459589.

Advancements in the development of nanomaterials have led to the creation of a plethora of functional constructs as drug delivery vehicles to address many dire medical needs. The emerging prodrug strategy provides an alternative solution to create nanomedicines of extreme simplicity by directly using the therapeutic agents as molecular building blocks. This Review outlines different prodrug-based drug delivery systems, highlights the advantages of the prodrug strategy for therapeutic delivery, and demonstrates how combinations of different functionalities - such as stimuli responsiveness,

Tenofovir Alafenamide for HIV Prevention: Review of the Proceedings from the Gates Foundation Long-Acting TAF Product Development Meeting

Date: 
11/1/21
Citation: 

Romano JW, Baum MM, Demkovich ZR, Diana F, Dobard C, Feldman PL, Garcia-Lerma JG, Grattoni A, Gunawardana M, Ho DK, Hope TJ, Massud I, Milad M, Moss JA, Pons-Faudoa FP, Roller S, van der Straten A, Srinivasan S, Veazey RS, Zane D. Tenofovir Alafenamide for HIV Prevention: Review of the Proceedings from the Gates Foundation Long-Acting TAF Product Development Meeting. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2021 Jun;37(6):409-420. doi: 10.1089/AID.2021.0028. PMID: 33913760; PMCID: PMC8213003.

The ability to successfully develop a safe and effective vaccine for the prevention of HIV infection has proven challenging. Consequently, alternative approaches to HIV infection prevention have been pursued, and there have been a number of successes with differing levels of efficacy. At present, only two oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) products are available,

The LAIs Are Coming! Implementation Science Considerations for Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States: A Scoping Review

Date: 
10/14/21
Citation: 

Kanazawa JT, Saberi P, Sauceda JA, Dubé K. The LAIs Are Coming! Implementation Science Considerations for Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States: A Scoping Review. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2021 Feb;37(2):75-88. doi: 10.1089/AID.2020.0126. Epub 2020 Dec 7. PMID: 33176429; PMCID: PMC8020525.

Long-acting injectable antiretroviral therapy (LAI-ART) is one of the latest advancements in HIV control with the potential to overcome oral ART barriers to adherence. The objective of this article is to anticipate and examine implementation considerations for LAI-ART using components of the PRISM model, a Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model for integrating research findings into practice.

Efficacy, Safety, and Durability of Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine in Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection: 5-Year Results From the LATTE-2 Study

Date: 
10/4/21
Citation: 

Smith GHR, Henry WK, Podzamczer D, Masiá MDM, Bettacchi CJ, Arasteh K, Jaeger H, Khuong-Josses MA, Montes-Ramírez ML, Stellbrink HJ, Yazdanpanah Y, Richmond GJ, Sutton KC, Zhang F, McCoig CC, St Clair MH, Vandermeulen K, Van Solingen-Ristea R, Smith KY, Margolis DA, Spreen WR. Efficacy, Safety, and Durability of Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine in Adults With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection: 5-Year Results From the LATTE-2 Study. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Aug 25;8(9):ofab439. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofab439. PMID: 34557563; PMCID: PMC8454521.

In the Long-Acting Antiretroviral Treatment Enabling Trial 2 (LATTE-2) phase 2b study, long-acting (LA) injectable cabotegravir + rilpivirine dosed every 8 weeks (Q8W) or every 4 weeks (Q4W) demonstrated comparable efficacy with daily oral antiretroviral therapy (ART) through 96 weeks in ART-naive adults with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Here we report efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cabotegravir + rilpivirine LA over approximately 5 years.

Health Topics: 

Population pharmacokinetics of the rilpivirine long-acting formulation after intramuscular dosing in healthy subjects and people living with HIV

Date: 
9/12/21
Citation: 

Neyens M, Crauwels HM, Perez-Ruixo JJ, Rossenu S. Population pharmacokinetics of the rilpivirine long-acting formulation after intramuscular dosing in healthy subjects and people living with HIV. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2021 Sep 12:dkab338. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkab338. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34510179.

Rich and sparse rilpivirine plasma concentration data were obtained from seven clinical studies. In total, 18 261 rilpivirine samples were collected from 986 subjects (131 healthy subjects from Phase I studies and 855 people living with HIV from Phase IIb/III studies). Doses ranged from 300 to 1200 mg, as single-dose or multiple-dose regimens (every 4 or 8 weeks).

Health Topics: 

"Lighten This Burden of Ours": Acceptability and Preferences Regarding Injectable Antiretroviral Treatment Among Adults and Youth Living With HIV in Coastal Kenya

Date: 
6/29/21
Citation: 

Simoni JM, Beima-Sofie K, Wanje G, Mohamed ZH, Tapia K, McClelland RS, Ho RJY, Collier AC, Graham SM. "Lighten This Burden of Ours": Acceptability and Preferences Regarding Injectable Antiretroviral Treatment Among Adults and Youth Living With HIV in Coastal Kenya. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2021 Jan-Dec;20:23259582211000517. doi: 10.1177/23259582211000517. PMID: 33685272; PMCID: PMC7952847.

Since 2010, the global scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has contributed to a 50% decline in global annual deaths from AIDS-related illness, from a peak of 1.9 million in 2005 to 940,000 in 2017, highlighting the importance of ART in reducing morbidity and mortality.1 However, UNAIDS has estimated that only 77% of diagnosed persons living with HIV are accessing ART, and only 82% of patients on ART have suppressed viral loads,2 suggesting there is room for improvement in adherence.

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